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Minna No Nihongo Lesson 1 - All Vocabulary and Grammar

Minna no Nihongo Lesson 1 will introduce you to 45 new words and 6 new grammar structures of Japanese.
Minna no Nihongo Lesson 1 will introduce you to 45 new words and 6 new grammar structures of Japanese.

Minna No Nihongo Lesson 1-50 :- Click Here

Minna No Nihongo Lesson 1 - All Vocabulary and Grammar


1.1) Particle は

The particle は indicates that the word before it is the topic of the sentence. You select a noun you want to talk about, add は to show that it is the topic and give a statement about the topic.


わたしは マイク ミラー です。 
I am Mike Miller.


[Note] The particle は is read わ.


1.2) です

Nouns used with です work as predicates. です indicates judgement or assertion. です also conveys that the speaker is being polite towards the listener. です inflects when the sentence is negative (see 2. below) or in the past tense.


わたしは エンジニア です。 
I am an engineer.



2.1) では ありません / じゃ ありません


じゃ ありません is the negative form of です. It is the form used in daily conversation. For formal speech or writing, では ありません is used instead.


サントさんは がくせい じゃ ありません。 
Mr. Santos is not a student.



[Note] は in では is read わ.


3.1)

The particle か is used to express the speaker's doubt, question, uncertainty, etc. A question is formed by simply adding か to the end of the sentence. A question ends with a rising intonation.


ミラーさんは アメリカじん ですか。 
Is Mr. Miller an American?



3.2) Questions with interrogatives

An interrogative replaces the part of the sentence that covers what you want to ask about. The word order does not change, and か is added at the end.


あの かたは どなた ですか。 
Who is that man?


[あの かたは] ミラーさん です。 
- That's Mr. Miller.


4.1)


も is added after a topic instead of はwhen the statement about the topic is the same as the previous topic.



ミラーさんは かいしゃいん です。
Mr. Miller is a company employee.


グプタさんも かいしゃいん です。
Mr. Gupta is also a company employee.


5.1) AのB

is used to connect two nouns. B modifies A. In Lesson 1, A is an organization or some kind of group to which B belongs.


ミラーさんは IMCの しゃいん です。 
Mr. Miller is an IMC employee.


6.1) -さん

さん is added to the name of the listener or a third person to show the speaker'srespect to the person. It should never be used with the speaker's own name.


あのかたは ミラーさん です。 
That's Mr. Miller.


When referring directly to the listener, the word あなた(you) is not commonly used if you know the listener's name. The listener's family name followed by -さん is usually used.


鈴木:ミラーさんは がくせい ですか。
ミラー: いいえ, かいしゃいん です。


Suzuki : Are you a student?
Miller : No, I'm a company employee.


1. わたし [わたし]
- I

2. わたしたち [わたしたち]
We


3. あなた [あんた]
you


4. あの人 [あのひと]
that person


5. あの方 [あのかた]
that person, he,she (more polite)


6. 皆さん [みなさん]
ladies and gentlemen, all of you


7. ~さん [~さん]
Mr. Ms. (title of respect addded to a name)


8. ~ちゃん [~ちゃん]
(suffix often added to a child's name)


9. ~君 [~くん]
(suffix often added to a boy's name)


10. ~人 [~じん]
(suffix meaning "a national of")


11. 先生 [せんせい]
teacher, instructor (not used when referring to one's own job)


12. 教師 [きょうし]
teacher, instructor


13. 学生 [がくせい]
student


14. 会社員 [かいしゃいん]
company employee


15. 社員 [しゃいん]
employee of ~ company (used with a company name)


16. 銀行員 [ぎんこういん]
bank employee


17. 医者 [いしゃ]
medical doctor


18. 研究者 [けんきゅうしゃ]
researcher, scholar


19. エンジニア [エンジニア]
engineer


20. 大学 [だいがく]
university



21. 病院 [びょういん]
hospital


22. 電気 [でんき]
electricity, light


23. だれ [だれ]
who


24. どなた [どなた]
who (polite)


25. ~歳 [~さい]
~years old


26. 何歳 [なんさい]
how old


27. おいくつ [おいくつ]
how old (polite)


28. はい [はい]
yes


29. いいえ [いいえ]
no


30. 失礼ですが [しつれいですが]
Excuse me, but


31. お名前は [おなまえは]
May I have your name?


32. 初めまして [はじめまして]
How do you do? (introducing oneself for the first time)


33. どうぞよろしく(お願いします) [どうぞよろしく(おねがいします)]
Pleased to meet you


34. こちらは~さんです [こちらは~さんです]
This is Mr. (Ms.) ~


35. ~から来ました [~からきました]
I came (come) from ~


36. アメキカ [アメリカ]
U.S.A.


37. イギリス [イギリス]
U.K.


38. インド [インド]
India


39. インドネシア [インドネシア]
Indonesia


40. 韓国 [かんこく]
South Korea


41. タイ [タイ]
Thailand


42. 中国 [ちゅうごく]
China


43. ドイツ [ドイツ]
Germany


44. 日本 [にほん]
Japan


45. フランス [フランス]
France

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